The Leawood City Council this week directed the city attorney and staff to work on a draft ordinance that would allow beekeeping in the city.
City Attorney Patty Bennett made a presentation on beekeeping at the council’s Monday meeting. Bennett said she had researched a few area cities’ beekeeping regulations and would research them further in preparing the draft ordinance.
City Administrator Scott Lambers said the measure would be considered a development ordinance and treated as a Planning Commission item with a required public hearing. That will probably occur toward the end of this year or early next year, and then the measure will return to the council for consideration.
Mayor Peggy Dunn said she had not received any requests from residents about beekeeping. She wants city staff to consider including provisions in the draft ordinance that would address protection for those who are allergic to beestings.
Beekeeping allowed in Overland Park and Prairie Village
Prairie Village has allowed beekeeping since 2015 and Overland Park has since 1983. Neither city requires a beekeeping permit. Prairie Village City Administrator Wes Jordan said the city had not received complaints about beekeeping that he knew of. With no permit requirement, city officials don’t know how many residents keep bees.
Bees and people “can coexist in a residential environment and not be a problem,” Jordan said. Beekeeping is valuable because bees play a vital role in supporting a healthy environment and pesticide use has decreased bee populations.
Prairie Village’s beekeeping ordinance comprises the following requirements:
- Minimize swarming of bees.
- Provide and maintain a water source on the premises.
- Keep no more than two hives on a property or lot.
- Keep hives only within a backyard with a fence at least 42 inches high.
- Maintain shrubs or a fence to prevent bees from flying away if the property’s exterior fence is less than 6 feet tall.
- Keep hives at least 10 feet from all property lines.
- Maintain hives to ensure they create no public nuisance.
- Remove hives if they are not maintained according to city codes or animal control officers.
Overland Park spokesman Sean Reilly said he was unaware of any beekeeping complaints made to the city. Overland Park’s beekeeping ordinance includes the following requirements:
- Hives must be placed at least 25 feet from adjoining residential property lines; at least 75 feet from any residential building other than the beekeeper’s unless that landowner grants written, revocable permission; and at least 100 feet from the exterior line of the traveled part of a public street.
- Owners of land where bees are kept must grant written, revocable permission for others to keep bees on that land.
- No more than three hives may be placed from 75 feet to 600 feet from a house or other residential building other than the beekeeper’s.
- Hives, stands, boxes or apiaries must include an identifying sign with letters at least 1-inch high that includes the owner’s name, address and phone number.
- Clean water must be provided for bees within 25 feet of each hive, stand, box or apiary.
The United States had 2.88 million honeybee colonies in 2017, down 12% from a record high 3.28 million colonies in 2012, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Managed honeybees add almost $20 billion to the value of U.S. crop production, according to the American Beekeeping Federation. Honeybees help increase the yields and quality of crops through pollination, and many U.S. crops would not exist without them.
The federation has a free beginner’s beekeeping toolkit on its website.